Liver health


Your liver is...

Your body's largest internal organ. It is about the size of an American football and usually weighs about ≈1.5 kg
Located just behind your rib cage on the right side of the body, under the lungs
Comprised of four lobes, which are made up of eight sections and thousands of lobules (small lobes)
Responsible for performing more than 500 bodily functions, including infection resistance & blood clotting regulation
Intricately connected to your brain, a healthy liver can help the brain continue to function by preventing toxins from building up in the blood
Capable of regenerating itself with just 25% of healthy liver tissue, making transplantation possible

Responsibilities of the liver

Your liver...

  • Produces bile which breaks down fats to be digested by the body and carries away the waste the body doesn’t need
  • Cleanses blood by filtering away toxic substances such as alcohol, drugs, medications, and pollutants 
  • Resists infections by creating immune factors and removes them from the bloodstream 

Your liver...

  • Stores vitamins, fat, sugars, and minerals and distributes them around the body when they are needed.
  • Stores excess energy (glucose) until the body needs it.
  • Creates proteins involved in the transportation of essential substances in the bloodstream.
  • Regulates hormonal balance such as sex hormones, thyroid hormones, and adrenal hormones.



Did you know?

There are over 100 different liver diseases which can affect anyone regardless of age, sex, ethnicity, or socioeconomic background. 
The most common cause of prevalent chronic liver disease is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), accounting for 59% of cases.
HBV (Hepatitis B) and HCV (Hepatitis C) account for the majority of chronic liver disease related deaths globally.

Risk Factors for Chronic Liver Disease:

  • Alcohol consumption 
  • Excess consumption of fatty, sugary, and salty foods
  • Sedentary living habits 
  • Misuse of  medications
  • Unsafe sex practices 
  • Injection-based drug use 
  • Remaining unvaccinated 

  • Family history of liver disease 

  • Metabolic disorders & overactive immune system

Keeping the liver healthy

Learn more:

Watch the EASL Policy Dialogue

Watch a video from patients

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